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    F1娱乐官网手机app【hdocpo.buzz】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。南阳俪沃培训学校(原嘉善吵僖汽车用品有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积23511平方米,豪利777AG猛龙传奇其中生产厂房占地9166平方米,仓库面积占地0059平方米。固定资产8276万元,流动资产7502万元,干部职工共225人,工程技术人员39人。F1娱乐官网手机appWangYuanLiZhaoxi InaccordancewiththedecisionoftheBraPlenarySessionofthe14thPartyCongressontheestablishmentofmodernenterprisesystems,mostofChinaslargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavebeentransformedintocompaniessince1994inkeepingwiththeprovisionsoftheCompanyLawofthePeople,themanagementande,theoperatingef,enterprises,,theStateCouncildispatchedspeci,extravagantspendingofpublicfunds,delinquencydebtsandfundtra,itisnouseegovernancestructureOnestrikingfeatureof,asamodernenterprisehasawidescopeofbusinessanditsinternalstructureiscomplex,itwouldbeimpossiblefortheenterpr,astheoperationsofanyenterprisearesubjecttotheconstraintofthepropertyrights,itwouldalsobeimpossiblefortheenterprisetooperatewelliftheownersoftheenterprisespropertyrightslosetheirfinalcontrolovertheenterpriseandallowthemanagerstopursuetheirownintereststh,thecoreofamodernenterprisesystemisthecorporategovernancestructure,whetheracompanycanoperatewelldependsfirstofallo,thefollowingproblemsthatseriouslyaffecttheestablishmentandoperationofthecorporategovernancestructureoccurredinmanyChinesestate-ownedenterpriseswhentheyweretransformedintocompanies:First,abatchofso-called"plaque-changecompanies"citiesinthecourseofbeingtransformedintocompanies,thatwasinfactaprocessof"plaguechange"fortfereinthedecision-makingoftheenterprisesintheareasofpersonnel,finance,materialssupply,tofmodernenterprisesystemswereactuallyturnedintothesolelystate-ownedcompan,frompersonnelappointmentandinvestmentplanningtotheinter-enterprisemergersandreorganizations,stillhavetobemadeaccordin,theinternaldecision-makingbodiesoftheenterprisesareoverlappedandthereareseveralleadingbodiestoissueseparateorders,whichmakesc,widescopeofbusiness,,itisnecessarytoestablishamanagementsystemthattakesthewage-earningseniormanagersasitscoreandtheChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)asitsleader,exercisingcentralizedandunifiedleadershipoverthecompany-wideproductionandoperating,itsdecision-makingbodiesincludethe"oldthreehuis"(thepartycommittee,thetradeunionandtheemployeescongress)andthe"threenewhuis"(thegeneralmeetingofshareholders,theboardofdirectorsandthesupervisoryboard),theyarecharacterizedas"threehearts"(whichmeanstakingthefactorydirectorasthecenterandthepartycommitteeasthecoreandrelyingwholeheartedlyontheworkingclass)and"twominds"(whichmeansthepowersandresponsibilitiesarenotclearlydefined).Ifthesepowerorgansareledbydifferentpeople,,everybodytriestograbdecision-makingpowers;whensomeproblemsemerge,accordingtoChinasCompanyLaw,hisday-to-dayoperatingdecision-makingfacesinterferencefrommanysourcesandit,ifallthesepositionsareassumedconcurrentlybyonesameperson,thebehaviorsofthegeneralmanagerwillbefreeofthecontroloftheownersandotherstakeholdersanditisverylikelyforasituationtoemerge,inwhich"insiderscontrol"and"everythingisdoneinhisownway".Third,intheenterprisesthatenjoyafairlyhighdegreeofautonomy,thephenomenonthat"thecontrolofinsidershasgoneoutofcontrol",althoughtheseniormanagersenjoyahighdegreeofautonomywithintheirscopeofauthority,theiroperatingactivitiesaresubjecttotheoverallsupervisionoftheshareholdersandotherstakeholdersthroughtheboardsofdirectors,andreceive,decadesofreformin"decentralizingpowersandofferinginterestconcessions"hasmadepeoplewidelybelievethatthehighestprincipleofreformistogivethe"enterprises"(actuallytheirmanagers),the"authorizedmanagementofthestate-ownedassets",thegentransfoinalcontrolrightoftheenterprisesintheircapacityas"representativesofthejuridicalpersons".Infact,theyaremanagingthesestate-ownedassetswithfullpowersandwithoutinternalorexternalsupervision,hencethephenomenonthat"theinsiderscontrolhasgoneoutofcontrol".ThedecisionoftheStateCounciltodispatchspecialinspectorstoauditthesolelystate-ownedenterprisesdersinthecorporategovernancestructurehavenotbeenclearlydefinedandasthereisnoregularsupervisionoverthecorporateoperations,eventheseverepunishmentsmetedouttothoseresponsibleaftertheexternalauditbythespecialinspectorsareoftenproventobetoolatetorecoverthelosses.ByYeXingqing,QinZhongchunJinSanlin,,2015Thepricesupportpolicyforagriculturalproducts,featuringminimumgrainpurchasepricesandtemporarypurchaseandstorageofmajoragriculturalproducts,isakeypartofChina’ldevelopmentmode,optimizeproductionstructure,riculturalproductsduringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiodinanoverallway,basedonnationalstrategies,stageofdevelopment,theLastTwoYearsDuringthelasttwoyears,Chinahasadoptedaseriesofmeasurestoad,thegovernmentnolongerpurchasesandstoressugar,andthetaskispassedtosugar-makindculturalproductsontheonehand,andonthr,“summarizingtheexperienceofthesereformssoastoperfectthewaysofsubsidizingandtoreducecosts”.,shouldthegovernmentpurchasesllatfavorableprices,whichnotonlyincreasesinventoriesandlatentlosses,butincreasesthematerialcostofdown-streamenterprisesandevenadd,thereformoftargetpricesubsidyforagricultura,,,“amberbox”,thefirstrequirementismetandtherei,/orhand-involume,,thethirdrequirementisyettobemet.“Amberbox”%,ifcalculatedbasedonthepricespreadbetweentargetpices,liketargetpricepurchase,subsidy,mortgage,ranceforagriculturalproducts,whilenodetailedstatepoliciesareunvei,BeijingShunyiDistricthasimplementedinsuranceforpigpriceindex;Shanghai,Zhejiang,dbecauseofseveralfactors,includinglackoflocalfiscalresources,aswellductsduringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiodbasedonthenationalfoodsecuritystrategyPricesupportpolicyforagri,thepricesunceattheendof2013,GeneralSecretaryXiJinpingproposedthenewnationalfoodsecuritystrategybasedondomesticsupplyandmoderateimports,aimedatensuringproductioncapaciorkwhichincludesrationalresourceallocation,prioritizingthefundamentalfield,griculturalmarketsandresourcesmoreproactively,,itisurgenttoformulateinternationaltradestrategyformajoragriculturalproducts,strengthentheplanningandguidanceforagriculturalproductsimport,optimizethesourcesofimports,,moreimportanceisattachedtoscientificallydeterminingtheself-sufficiencylevelofmainagricu,underthedualpressureofgrowingdemandandbindingconstraintofresourcesandenvironment,Chinahastoadjustitspoliciestotreatagriculturalproductsdifferently,andu,Chinashouldnotsolvetheissueoffeedingitspopul,Chinashouldmoderatelyimportagriculturalproductsandscien,agriculturalproduc,pricesupportpolicyforagriculturalproductswillplacethepriorityonriceandwheat,andpublicresourcesand“amberbox”donthedevelopmenttrendofpricespreadbetweenagriculturalproductsathomeandabroadOverthepastdecade,Chinahaspromotedthegrowthofagriculturalproductionandfarmers’incomebycontinuouslyincreasingtheminimumpurchasingpriceofgrainandtelowerthanafter-taxCIFpricesofimportedgrain,,however,theformerhavegraduallyexceededthelatterandreachedthe“ceiling”,Chinahasbeencommittedtoimposingsingletariffonmostproducts,’smore,,,therearetwo“ceilings”uotaimports,andthesecondisafter-taationalmarkets,andthedevelopmenttrendofthepricespreadbetweendomesticandimportedfoodduringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiod,therearethreecircumstancesasfollows.。

    ,Chinahasmadesignificantprogresstowardsfinancialsectorderegulationvialiberalizingbanklendingrates,expandingtheQFIIquota,increasingtheflexibilityoftheexchangerate,,includingbanklendingratesandexchangerates,arenowclosermarketequilibriums,andmarketm,Chinatructuralimbalancesduetooverregulations,Chinaneedsto:1)removecontrolsondepositrates;2)furtherincreasetheRMBsexchangerateflexibility;3)furtheropenupitscapitalaccount;and4)liberalizemarketaccesstothefinancialindustrybyremovingexcessiveandhavebeenwrittenintothethirdplenums"Decision",themostchallengingquestionishowtodesignthespecificreformprogramstbeonhighalertincludethefollowing,manyofwhichreflectlegacyissuesoftheoldsystem:,Chinaslocalgovernmentdebthasrisenquicklyinrecentyearstoabout32%,however,isthematuritymismatchbetweenlocalgovernmentliabilities(mostlyintheformofloansandtrustloans),thematurityofatypicalbankloanortrustloanis2-3years,whiletheprojectcashflowswillonlhtening,changeinprudentialregulationsonbanksandtrustcompanies,aswellasdeteriorationininvestorsentimentforwealthmanagementproducts(WMPs).InWesterncountries,theaveragematurityoflocalgovernmentdebtis7-10years,whichismuchclo,therewerenofailuresofbanksandtrustcompanies,andtherewereveryfewdefaultsofhighlyrisky(withriskssimilartojunkbondsinwesterncountries),trustcompaniesandWMPsareexceptionallystrong,butbecausemostofthesepoliticalsystemthatpenalieesofallbanks,trustcompaniesandWMPsleadtoincorrectpricingofcreditproductsissuedbysomeveryriskyborrowers,,,htsteptowardscorrectingthemispricing,,Chinasinterbankratesbecameveryvol,ahighvolatilityofinterestratestendstoconfusefinancialmarketparticipantsandcompaniesastowhatthemonetarypolicyintentionis,,asuddenspikeininterbankratescouldexacerbatethedurationriskf:theyhavedotowiththelackofcapacityinforecastingliquidity,lackofinter-governmentalcollaboration,theloan-to-depositratio,imprudentliquiditymanagementbybanks,shadowbankingactivities,aswellast,cross-bordercapitalflowsremainmanageableasformalcontrolsonQFIIandQDIIquotasremain,,assoonasthecapitalaccountisopen(,theQFIIandQDIIsystemsareabolished),large-scalecapitalinflowsand/oroutflowscouldleadtoexcessivevolatilityoftheexchangerate,destabilizethefinancialsystems,anddamagetherealeco"managedfloatingexchangerateregime",thevolatilityoftheRMB//7thatofMalaysianRinggit,1/13thatofKoreanwon,and1/,massiveinflowscouldresultifChinasbondmarketisopenedtoglobalinvestorsgiventhe2-3%interestratedifferentialbetweenChina)needtomovetowardsamoreliberalizationfinancialsystemsothattoimproveefficiency,and2)theneedtocontainanddefusetheabovementionedfinancialrisks,Chinats,alongwiththeplanedreformssuchasdepositratederegulationandcapitalaccountliberalization:,webelievethatakeyriskfacingthefinancialsystemistheexcessiverelianceoflocalgket,whichwillgraduallyreplaceloansandtrustloans,localgovernmentbondswithlongermaturitiesshouldaccountformorethan50%ofthefinancingsourcesforlocalgovernmentcapex(itisonly10%inChina).Tostartthereformprogram,Chinashouldmodifyitsbudgetlawtoallowindependentissuanceoflocalgovernmentbonds,establishacrediblecreditratingsystemforlocalgovernmentbonds,requirelocalgovernmentstopublishtheirbalancesheetsandmedium-termfinancialprojections,andestablishalegalframeworktoregulatetheapprovalprocedurebylocalpeople"manageddefaults".InaneconomyasbigasChina,afewfailuresofsmallbanksandafewdozendefaultsbyjunkbonds(orWMPs)peryearshouldbenormaland,indeed,,webelievethatregulatorsshouldpermitafewmoredefaultsofnon-standardWMPsintheremainderofthisyear,withsomemodestincreasesinthehaircut(fromthe7%haircutfortheCCTproduct)to,,10-20%.Theseeventsof"manageddefaults"maypotentiallypushupthefundingcostsby100-200bpsforhighlyriskyborrowers,buttheyarenecessaryforcontainingtheexcessiveborrowingviathetrustsector–bypricingoutsomeworstborrowers--andreducingsystemicrisks.sbasicnationalconditionsandtheoverallsituationofreformandopeningup,weshould,inoneortwodecadestocome,enhanceourstrategicawarenessoffurtheropening-upagriculturalsector,focusonsafeguardingnationalfoodsecurityandsupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsandtargetatbetterutilizationofoverseasanddomesticmarketsandresourcesinallrespects,soastocomprehe,weshouldformulatetheoverallplanforexpandingagriculturalopening-llyawareoftheimportanceandcomplexityoffoodsecurityforsuchapopulousdevelopingcountryaswellastheshortageofresourcesrestrainingChinaesinacoordinatedwaywhilepursuinggrainself-sufficiency,soastoensurefoodsecurityandtheeffectivesupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsandpromoteChinanvestmentandcooperationandtheestablishmentoftheglobalsupplynetworkofa,wewillstudyandworkoutaspecialplanforimplementingtheglobalagriculturalstrategytoguidejointeffortsindevelopingandutilizingglobalagricult,wewilldeepenthereformofagriculturalmanagementsystemtostrengthenaamentallysolvethesystematicproblemrelatedtodepartmentsegmentation,overlappingandmissingofmanagement,inordertoestablishandimprovethesyurity,suchasrice,intothenationalfoodsecuritystrategy,inordertofurtherimproveandstrenndimportofagriculturalproductsservingthestrategicinterestsofthenationalfoodsecurity,uritymanagementandthemechanismforthereportandsafetyinspectionregardingthexpandingagricult,wewillsetupandimprovethectionwithimportofagriculturalproducts,accordingtothechangeofthesupply-demandrelationshipandpriceofagriculturalproductsbothathomeandabroad,andeffectivelyregulateimportstoavoidshocksindningsystemagainstdamagestodomesticindustriesaswellasaquickresponsemechanism,andmakefulluseoftraderemedymeasuressuchasanti-dumping,anti-subsidiesandprotectivemeasurestoputinplaceanemergencyresponse,,Chinaneedstoactivelyparticipateinglobalagriculturalgover,itwillpromotetheestablishmentofafairandreasonableneworderrelatedtointernationalagriculturalinvestmentandtradeandmeanwhileformulateglobalruleswhichc,wewillpromotebilateralnegotiationandcoordination,withmoreeffortsfocusedonnegotiatingwithmajorcountriesonfreetradezonesandfacilitateextensivecooperationwithdevelopingcountries,,wewillsupportinternationalinstitutionssuchastheFoodandAgricultureOrganization(FAO)andnon-governmentalorganizations,andconductactivitiesrelatedtoinformationsharing,consultingadviceandassistancewngtheGlobalAgriculturalStrategyWeshouldimplementtheglobalagriculturalstrategyandbuildasustainable,ternationalmarketsandresources,soastoguaranteenatio,offerbettergovernmentplanningandservices,isiculturalinvestmentstrategyisplayedbyenterprisesratherthangovernment,asthelatterismainlyresponsibleforcreatingagoodinvestmenteprovalandtoinnovatesystemsandmechanisms,reducethegovernmentsintervention,upliftrestrictionsonoverseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperat,suchasinternationalagriculturaltrade,overseasinvestmentandcooperation,andgetcloselya,theoperationmechanismfortheglobalagriculturalimportsupplychainwillbeestablishedwiththejointeffortsofenterprisesandthegovernment,ionalloans,andprioritizeoverseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperationasmajorprojectsinprovidinggovernmentassistance.10-200米havetobeclarifientoranissueofstrategicimportancetothewholecountryInthe1980s,zonesandtheinstalterfoundangoftheincomegapsbetweenthevariousregions,betweentheurbanandruralareas,,theGinicoefficientoftheper-capitaincomebetweenChina,,,theGinicoefficientoftheper-capitaincomebetweenChina,,,biggerthanthatofthePhilippines,India,Indonesia,,thispatternofincomedistributionresultedinthecontinuouswitheringoftheshareoftheconsumergoodsmarketsintheinlandareascomparedwiththatinthecoastalareas,andtheendlesssluweenurb,,however,constantwideningofincomegapswillnotonlygiverisetosocialinequality,butalsorestricttherealizationofp,alargeamountoftheproductioncapacityint,theeffectivedemandoffarmerswillstayatalowlevelduetotheirsmallincomes,,ademandfaultwoulddevelopb,,,developmentoftheruralmarketisneitheranissuemerelyinvolvingmarketingchannelsorenvironmentsofconsumption,,itisanissueconcerningthestraiestideovertheirdifficultiesbyincreasingsalesofindustrialgoodsbecauseofthecomparativelyexcellentsituationintheruralareasSomepeoplehavesuggestedthatthereexitscertainreservedpurchasingpowerintheruralareasthatwoulitseconomicgrowth,theruralareas,thoseinthecentralandwesternpartsofthecountryinparticular,,,partsofthecountrygrewbynearly6percentintheyear,,000ruralhouseholdsintheareascoveredunderitsregularstudy,,,mostlocalgovernmentshadtocollectmongof5percentoftheirincomes,theirburdenofpaymentofagriculturalspecialtytaxes,educationsurtaxes,andotherfeesforeducation,mentoftaxes,feesandvariouskindsofassessedchargesinthevill,theleveloftheagriculturalspecialtyotherearned2,000yuanfromthefourmuoflandhehadcontractedtogrowappletrees,buthadtopay1,,,however,,theshort-termquestionisnothowtheruralmarketcanhelptheurbaneconomy,,theCentralGovernmenttookmeasuresintwofields:increaseofinvestmentintheconstructionofwaterconservancyworks,roads,powergrids,andotherbasicfacilitiesintheruralareas;andformulation,althougheconomicgrowthslowsdown,therehavebeenmoreopportunitiesforfarmerstoleavetheirhometownstoseekjobs,andthepricesofgrainhavedroppedtheleastalthoughthepuractiveroleinboosti,however,,,eachwouldreceivenearly60yuan,erminteresttofarmers,butfarmersarerequiredtoin,eitherthatfromtheStateorthatfromthefarmersthemselves,,effortsneedtobeintensifiedinthedevelopmentoftheruralmarketandtheinvestmentsupportneedstobedirectedtoindividualhouseholdsandvillagestointegratewiththewishofdeepindifficultygetpracticalbenefitsandtwiceasmuchcanbeaccomplishedwithhalftheeffort....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    沙皇安卓版注册XiongXianliangTherestructuringofthecentralgovernmentin1998playedapositiveroleinstraisestheyrun,someministrieswerecancelledormergedandthenewlyestablishedadministrations(statebureaus),nowtherestillexistintherelationshipbetweengovernmentdepartmentsandthestate-ownedenterprises(SOE)widespreadproblemswhichimpedtheSOEsfrombecomingthemainbodyinmarketcompetition,thatis,enterpriseswith"clearownershiprights,explicitrightsandresponsibilities,separationofthegovernmentfromtheenterpriseandscientificmanagement."Intheoverallsubjectofdisconnectingtheenterprisesfromthegovernment,,toseparategovernmentfun,onthebasisofthedisconnection,tostandardizethebehavioroftheadministrativebodiesatvariouslevelsandimprovet,theproblemswhichhavebeensolvedorarebeingsolvedinthegovernmentrestructuringfallintothesphereofthefirstjob.(Seepart4ofthisreport"ImprovetheExercisingCapitalOwnershipandEstablishUnifiedOwnershipRepresentingBodies".)Nowitisimperativetosettlethefollowingproblemsconcerningthesecondjob:trativebodiesnolongerinterferingintheenterprisemicrodecisionmakingonpersonnel,finance,assets,production,,thegovernmentwasomnipotent,,butalsointervenedinmanyaspectsoernalaffairsofenterprises,whichhavebecometheindependentmainbodyofthemarketaftertheformationofspecializedstateassetm,somegovernmentorganizationalorpersonneldepartments,togetherwithrelated"appropriatedepartmentsincharge",assess,appointorremoveleadingenterpriseleaders;someplanningdepartmentsstillexamineandapprovecapitalconstructioninvestmentofenterprises;someeconomicandtradedepartmentsexamineandapprovetechnologicalrenovationprojects;somefinancialandauditingdepartmentsappraiseenterprisefinanceandmakedecisionsofpuniionsoftheadministrativedepartments,,enterpriseexecutivescannotbeexpectedtobtsmannerofworkwhileadjustingthecompo,suchasdirectiontoenterprisedailyoperations,evaluationofenterpriseperformancesandtheirmanagers,shouldbecarriedoutbysupportingorganizations(commonlyknownasintermediateorganizations),suchaslawoffices,accountant(auditing)offices,consultantcompanies,creditratinginstitutesandselfmanagedtradeorgan,widelypresentinthecountriespracticingthemarketeconomyasnon-governmentalprovidersofserviceneededbyenterprises,mlininggovernmentinstitutionsandstafftoensurethequalityandqu,publicservicesprovidedbythegovernmentsuchasnationaldefense,foreignaffairs,judicature,publicsecurity,firefighting,post,,thereismisunderstandingamongsomepeopleontheimplicationofthegovernment’"vacuum"insomepublicserviceareas.(1).Enterpriseswith-outahigherauthorityinchargehaveemergedinlargenumbers,theyhavecaused"blankpoints",mostresidentsbelongedtocertainunitswhichwould,whichcameintoexistenceinthecourseofreform,donottakecareofsuchbusiness,resultingintheinconveniencefortheresidents.(2).Themisappropriationanddiversionoffinancialspendingtootherareashavediminishedthefinancialresourcessupportingpublicservices,cuttingdownpublicservices,loweringtheirqualityandworseningtheenvironmentforinvestmentandpeople’sdailylife.(3).Thepartofpublicservicesinbasiceducation,healthcareandpublicfacilitie,theservicelevelinthisregardhasgonedownandtheenterprisesfindithardtogetridoftheheavyburdenof"enterprisesrunningthesociety."Thefundamentalsolutionis:toclearlydefinetheresponsibilityofthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsatalllevelsinpu,theestablishmentofnongovernmentalandnonprofitableorganizationsshouldbeencouragedtoundertak,regardingsome"quasipublicgoods"whoseutilizationobjectscanbeascertained,theyshouldbemanagedasmuchaspossibleinthewayofenterpriseoperationsoastomeetthesocialdemand.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhaoJinpingZhaoFujun,ResearchTeamon"AnalysisonForeignTradeandEconomicSituation",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo157,2013(Total4406)Aquestionnaire-basedsurveywasconductedonpresentexportgrowthrelatedto225foreig,exportsarecurrentlyexperiencingaslowgrowthonthewhole,smallenterprisesareencounteringamoresevereexportpredicamentthanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprises,theexportcostforhalfoftheenterprisescontinuestoincrease,exportpriceshavebeenincreasedatlarge,mostexportenterprisesarebeingembarrassedatalowexportprofitability,ordersfortheenterpriseshaveincreased,theexportsituationoverthewholeyearislikelytobeinlinewiththepreviousyearortoimproveslightly,andenterpriseshavegreatexpectationsoverthegovernmentsadoptionofproactivemeasurestoeffectivelyholdinchec,100weretelep,%intermsoftype;smalle%intermsofsize;%intermsofregion;thenumberofenterprisesinGuangdongrankedsecond,%;andintermsofexportmarket,%,%,andthenumberofenterprisesexportinggoodstoJapan,HongKong,%,%%,thenumberofenterprisesengagedinthebusinessoftextileandgarments,food,chemicalsandpharmaceuticals,%,%,8%,%%arSurveyresultspresentthefollowingfeaturesintermsoftheexeviousyearSurveyfindingsshowthatfromJanuarytoMaythisyearthenumberofenterprisesbreakingeve%andthenumberofenterpriseswithincreasedexportvolume(includingthosewithagrowthrateof5%~20%orabove)%.Onthewhole,thefirsthalfoftheyearsawasimilarorsl,thesurveyresultsindi%,%duringthesameperiodof2012;%,%,thenumberofenterprisesthatmaintainedbasicallythesameexportvolumeasin2012increased,,thesurveyresultsalsoindicatethatsincethisyearChinasexportgrowthhasremainedpregnantwithgrimprospectsonthewhole,showingsomedifferencefromtheexpectedgrowthtargetof8%.Table1ExportGrowthofEnterprisesSurveyedChenXiaohongⅠ.Theproblemofabsencefromthepforwar,governmentfunctionshavebeenseparatedfromcapitalmanagement,whichmeansthattheindustrialadministrativedepartment,thepastsimplepracticeofdecentralizationhasbeenchangedand,inaccordancewiththeprinciplesofestablishingownershipdiscipline,theCommissionofSpecialInspectorsundertheStateCouncilhavedispatchedspeciali,thePartyWorkingCommitteeforLargeEnterpriseshasbeenestablishedtobeinchargeoftheappointment,theauditconductedbythefirstgroupofspecialinspectorsdiscoveredseriousproblemsinmanyenterprises,,abatchouaranteediftheownersfailtoexerciseconstantsupervisionoverthemanagersthroughtheint,inmostsolelystate-ownedenterprisesorstateholdingcompanies,theproblemof"bossabsence",namelytheownershiprepresentationwithinenterprisesisnotclearly-defined,isyettobethoroughlysolved.Ⅱ.TheexistingsystemanditsshortcomingsOneoftheindispensableconditionsforthesmoothoperationsofanenttingrightsandtheownersdonotdirectlyinterfereintheenterprisesday-to-dayoperatingdecisionmakingunderthemodernenterprisesystem,theownersofthecorporation,namelytheshareholders,(ortheresiduecontrolright)ismainlymanifestedintheirvotingrightsatthegeneralmeetingofshareholdersovertheappointmentofthedirectorsandsupervisors,overprofitdistributionandoverdecisionsonothermajormatters;theirrightstomakedecisionontheauthorizedpowersoftheboardofdirectorsandth,throughtheboardofdirectors,exercisetheirwhole-processsupervisionandcontrolovertheenterprisesoperationsandgivestimulalizedthatinthereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,notonlythegovernmentfunctionsshouldbeseparatedfromenterprisem,firstofall,thattherepresentingbodyofthestatecapitalownership(equityrights),however,thefunctionsofthecapitalownershiprepresentingbodiesinthesolelystate-ownedenterprisesandthestateholdingcompaniesar,thePartyWorkingCommitteeforLargeEnterprisesappointanddismissthepartycommitteesecretaries,ancialauditontheenterprises,andtheMinistryofPersonnelandtheMinistryofLaborcontrolthelaborandwagesoftheenterprises,AstheStateEconomicandTradeCommissionisinchargeofthereform,transformation,reorganizationandstrengthenedmanagementoftheenterprises,theCommissionalsoperformssomeofthepowersandfunctionsoftheowners(forexample,theCommissionhasadepartmentofenterprisesupervision,andthetransformationofthestate-ownedenterprisesintojoint-stockcompanieshastobeapprovedbytheCommissionandtheauditreportsmustalsobesubmittedtotheCommission).Theproblemsarisingfromthiskindofsystemareasfollows:,therighttodisposeassets,therighttotheprofitsandtherighttoappointseniormanagers,nderstherightofownershiptoanemptyshell,Thepartialpowersandfunctionsoftheownersperformedbyeachdepartmentactuallybecomethedepartmentsownpowersandfunctionsandservethedepartmentsownobjectives,themanagerswhoareentrustedtomanagecorporatepropertiesareunabletoexercisetheentrustedrightsinauninedtoex"solidatthebottom"and"emptyonthetop"."Beingsolidatthebottom"herereferstothefactthattheaudittasksaresolidandinvolvehugeworkloadsandthatthenumberoftheenterprisesthatneedtobeauditedisconstantlyincreasing."Beingemptyonthetop"referstothefactthattheCommissionofSpecialInspectorsisindependentfromotherbodiesthatexercisetheownerspowersandfun,theauditreportsmustbesubmittedtotheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,buttherightsandresponsibilitiesoftheStateEconomicandTradeCommiss,thepracticethatthestatedirectlydispat,,thepracticethatthegovernmentdispatchesspecialinspectorswillbeinconflictwiththeprinciplesytorepresentthestatecapital,,statecapitalrepresentationbeingassumedbytheleadin,morethan4,000industrialenterprisesaredirectlycontrolledbythecentralgovernment,ofthemmorethan600beinhtthattheyareunabletohearthereportsofallthefunctionaldepartmentsseparatelyperformingtheowner,thegovernstems,theownerspowersandresponsibilitiesofthestatecapitalareperformed,withoutexception,byspecificbodiesinaunifiedmanner(forexample,theexistingTreasuryMinistryortheearlierStateParticipationMinistryinItaly,andtheBoardDirectorAppointmentCommitteeintheSingaporeCabinet).Inshort,theownershiprepresentingbodiesofthestatecapitalinthestate-ownedenterprisesusedtobethecompetentadministrativ,thecompetentdepartmentsdidplaya"funnel"roleandcouldsendthedecisionsofdifferentfunctionalministriesandcommissionsdowlemof"minglinggovernmentfunctionswithcapitalmanagement""funnel"roleofthecompetentdepartmentsincoordinatingdifferentministriesandcommissionswasabolished,theenterprisesnowhavetodirectlyoopholesfortheenterprisestoavoidthesupervisionandcontroloftheowners.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.F1娱乐官网手机app重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,YangJianlongResearchReportNo195,2000TogetholdofthebasictrendofchangesinChina’sindustrialstructureduringtheTenthFive-YearPlanperiod,itisnecessarytotakeintoconsiderationatleastthreefactors:first,thegenerallawofchangesinindustrialstructurestakingplacealongwiththegrowthofincomelevels;second,thebasictrendofchangesinindustrialstructuresinrecentyears;andthird,readjustmentofsystemsanddevelopmentstrategies,andchanncehasshownthatduringtheprocessofindustrializationinacountry,changesintheindustrialstructuresusuallystartfromthedevelopmentofthelightindustry,extendgraduallytotheheavyindustrycenteringaroundbasicindustries,andmoveintothedevelopmentperi,theindustrialemphasiswillmovetowardtheprocessingandassemblingindustrytocontinuouslydeepenthedegreeofindustrialprocessingandincreasetheaddedvalueofproducts,nindustrialproduction(wereferheremainlytotherelationshipofintegrationbetweenlabourforce,technologyandcapital).Attheearlystageofindustrialization,industrialdevelopmentasawholewouldcenteraroundthelightindustry,,thedevelopmentoftherawmaterialindustryandthefuelandpowerindustrywouldcallforinputoflargeamountsofcapital,wardthedirectionofahighdegreeofprocessing,technologywouldreplacecapit,therefore,inthreeorderlyperiodsofdevelopment,namely,theperiodwhenlabour-intensiveindustriesplayadominantrole,theperiodwhencapital-intensiveindustriesholdaleadingposition,’srefor,thelightandthetextileindustrieswereputinaprioritypositionineconomicdevelopmentforthepurposeofsolvingtheissueofimbalancebetweenthelightandheavyindustrialstructuresresul,,developmentof,withtheriseofthelevelofper-capitalincome,thedemandfordurableconsumergoodsstartedtogrow,thusspurringtherapiddevelopmentoftheelectromechani,investmentincapitalconstructionwithaviewtoreducerestrictionsofbottlenecksininfrastructurefacilitiesandthebasicindustriesspurredthedevelopmentofbasicindustries,andacomparativelynoticeabletrendofheavyin,theaddedvalueoftheheavyi,changesintheindustrialstructuresofChinastarte,however,theoveralltrendhasfol,theindustrialstructuresofChinaaremovingintoaperiodofahighdegreeofprocessing--withtheprocessingandassemblingindustryplayingthecentralrole,andaperiodoftransitionfromlabour-intensivtionaleconomyandtheprocessingandassemblingindustryhasdevelopedtoaconsiderablesize,therewillbeacomparativelysmallpossibilityofanyremarkableincreaseintheoverallsizeandpr,especiallythosewithoutstandingcontributionstotheimprovementofthetechnologyoveralllevelofindustries,suchastheelectronics,digital-controlledmachinetool,precisionchemical,andautomobileindustries,,theiremphasisshouldbeputonthereadjustmentofproductmixaccordingtomarketdemands,accelerationofpaceinthedevelopmentofproductsrepresentingnewtechnologyandnewtechnicalprocesses,,especiallythemachineryindustrywhichprovidesmajortechnicalequipment,willbeoneofthefieldstoboosttheupgradingandtransformationofinusindustriesandsectors,implementationofastrategyofsubstitutionofimports,andquickeningofthepaceoflocalizationandenlargementoftheproportionofkeyequipmentproductswillbethemajorcontentofindustrialgrowthinthisfield....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,therearethreemetropolitancirclesinChina,namelytheYangtzeRiverDelta,,theyposs,theirdevelopmentstillfacesmanyrealisticproblems,requiringproperhandlingoftherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandthemarketan,cities,includingmetropolises,reflectthedevelopmenthistoryofhumansocietyandembodypeople,livingincitiesandbecomingurbandwellershavebecomepeople,,citiessuchasXian,Luoyang,Kaifeng,NanjingandBeijingweresecondtononewhencomparedwithotherc,citiesandurbanizationinthemodernsenseonlyemergedafteri,urbanizationinChinastartedover100yearslaterthanWesternindustrializedcountriesandbackwardindustrializationw,especiallyafterthefirstindustrializationrevolution,theword"congregation"or"systematization",itsbecauseofthecongregationofpopulationandhumanactivitiesintherelativelynarrowspaceofcitiesthatpeoplecllayout,butalsofortheimprovementofpublicservicesupply,reductionofsupply,salsobecauseofthecongregationthatpeoplehavetobearthenegativeimpactresultingfromtrafficcongestionandoverburdenedpublicservices,,forcitydevelopment,besidescongregationintermsofscale,numberandscope,soundorganizationisalsoneededamongdifferentindustries,acrosssocialsectors,,thenegativeimpactinducedbycongregationofpopulationandvarioushumanactivitiescanbereduced,whilewithoutsuchorganization,,congregationandsystematizationhavegonebeyondthescopeofasinglecityrelatedtopopulation,industry,socialactivitiesandgovernance,butaretheresultofin-depthintegrationofcitiescountry,metropolitancirclescanintegrateandoptimizevariousnationalr,currently,thereareseveralmegametropolitancircleswithglobalinfluenceintheworld,includingtheNewYork–Boston–WashingtonmetropolitancircleandtheGreatLakesintheUnitedStates,theTokyometropolitancircleinJapan,,theRanstadcircleintheNetherlandsandtheRhine–,themetropolitancirclesaresupportedbythelayeredstructureinspacewithatryorregionandgreatlyeasedthevariousurbandiseasescausedbyover-congregationofpopulation,,Britain,France,Germany,Japanandotherdevelopedcountriesinsocialsystem,culturaltradition,geography,climateandresources,,peoplehopethatwhilecreatingmaterialprosperity,metropolitancirclescanalsokeepsustainableenvironmentandresources,withafairandsocialorderandawell-managedcitygovernance,soastoimprovetheliv,thereareobjectiverulestofollowfortheformationandgrowthofcities,theoptimizationofurbanspatialstructu,,ge,%,Chinasurbanizationoverthepastthirtyyearssexactlybecauseofthelarge-scopeurbanizationthatthreeultralargemetropolitancircles(theYangtzeRiverDelta,PearlRiverDeltaandBeijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregion)haveemergedinChina,,%ofeconomicactivities,thethreecirclesenjoyanimportantgeo-strategicpositionandthelocationadvantageandthushavethepotentialtogrowintoworld-levelones.,2015Itisimportanttofirmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,andfosternewdrivingforcesforagriculturalgrowth.“China’sFoodSecurityFoodSafetyStrategySummit”attentionfromallwalksoflife,includingtheinternationalcommunity,andplayedasignificantroleindesigningChina’rtyofChina,heldinOctober2015,reviewedandapprovedRecommendationsforthe13thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopment,theblueprintforChina’sdevelopmentinthenextfiveyears,particularlyfocusingonimprovingthequalityandefficiencyofdevelopment,andacceleratingtheestablishmentofthesystem,mechanism,andeconomicgrowthmodelthatguidethenewnormalinChina’,withthethemeof“AgriculturalDevelopmentModeTransformationGrowthEngineSuccession”,reflectstheguidelinesofChina’snewdevelopmentphilosophyduringthe13thFive-YearPlanPeriod,andconcentratesonthelinchpinsinChina’odsupplyinChina,whichhascha,China’spercapitashareofgrainis450kg,,storage,processing,anddistribution,,solidfoundationforthecountrytodealwiththechallengesbroughtbyreformandopening-up,andmaintainsoundeconomicandsocialorder,butalsohasgreatlycontributedtopovertyandhungeralleviat,Chinahasmadearemarkableachievementbecauseitsupportsonefifthoftheworld’spopulationwithonefourthoftheworld’,oodsafetyisweak,,theactualamountofwaterusedinmajorgra,,suggestingChina’,China’’saveragelevel,,landandsoilinChinahavebeenoverlydeveloped,ndenvironment,thebasistosustainagricultureanditsdevelopmentwillbedestroyed,an,thestatehasraisedthefloorpurchasepriceofriceandwheat,aswellasthetemporarypurchaseandstoragepriceofmaize,effectivelypromotinggrainoutputandfarmers’,nonetheless,,thebiggestconflictinthefoodmarketisthatdomes,pricesofprimaryagricuubstitutes,whiledomesticfoodwithahighcostispurchasedbythegovernmentwiththeaimtosupportfoodprice,resultinginthegrowthoffoodproduction,’sagriculturalpoliciestoperfectthepricingmechanismofagriculturalproducts,improvethesystemoffoodpurchaseandstorage,,andtheasymmetricinformationamongproducers,dealers,consumersandregulators,,withover200millionfarminghouseholds,morethan400,000foodfirms,andsome3millionfooddealers,,depressedconsumermarket,andcontinuousincreaseofproductioncost,somefoodenterprises,inordertomaintaintheirprofitlevel,havereducedtheireffortsinqualitycontrol,’sImportedFood2010-2014issuedbyGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantineofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thenumberofunqualifiedfoodimportedfrom112countriesandregionsduringthatperiodwas1692,1857,2499,2164and3505batchesrespectivelyeveryyearduringthatperiod,offoodsecurityandfoodsafety,wemustactivelytakemeasures,firmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,’smore,itisofsignificancetofocusonbothfoodquantityandquality,boththecurrentandlong-rundevelopment,bothdomesticmarketandinternationalmarketandresources,soastocomprehensivelyimprovefoodsecurityandfoodsafety.ByWangWeiLiuTao,,’efordevelopmentWhilethenationaleconomyisshiftingfromahigh-speedgrowthtoamedium-to-high-speedone,thelogisticsindustryalsoentersakeyphasefeaturedb%from1990to2000and15%from2001to2010,China’slogisticsindustryentersanewphasewithamedium-to-high-speedofabout10%,,duetotherisingcostoffactorssuchaslabor,landandfuel,%oftotalGDP,,ingnewopportunitiesforinnovationinlogisticsindustryTherapiddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanizationnotonlypromotestheconsumptionmarketstogatherincities,especiallyinlarge-scalecityclustersormetropolitanareas,butalsoadvancestheshiftandclusteringofindustrialandagriculturalproductioninareaswithcomparativeadvantagesinproductionfactors,,laborinte,andshiftsfromareasaroundcit’,theaveragedistanceoftransportinggoodsinChinaincreasesfrom326kmto410km,w’slogisticsisincreasinglycharacterizedby“largescale,longdistance,wideradiationandmulti-level”.Thedevelopmentinlogisticsindustrywillpromotetheadjustmentinthedistribution,unitiesforrestructuring,edevelopmentinlogisticsindustryWithmorethan30yearsofcontinuousconstructionsincethereformandopeningup,acomprehensivetransportationnetworkhasalmostbeenestablishedinChina,whichiscomposedofvariousmeansoftransportationlikerailroad,highway,waterway,,withtheacceleratedinvestmentininfrastructure,Chinaisenteringanewstageofrapidupgradingandimprovementofinfrastructure,whichisrepresentedbyhigh-speedrailways,,theinsufficie,thebuyer’smarketintransportation,evenintheentirelogistics,refavorablefortheintegrationandoptimizedallocationofallktioncharacterizedbyvariety,,intensiveandefficientlogisticsservicesystemsoastofacdesnewdrivingforceforlogisticsinnovationAtpresent,anewgenerationofinformationtechnologyisundergoingrapiddevelopment,withinternetofthings,cloudcomputing,mprehensivelyimprovetheinformatizationandintegrationoflogisticssupplychain,a,businessmodels,industrialorganizations,functionalplatformsandlogisticsfacilities,informationtechnologywillprofoundlychangetheallocationoflogisticsresources,facilitatethetransformationandupgradingoflogisticsindustry,allofwhichwillmakethelogisticscosttostartanewro’,70%oftheservicesofChina’,,logisticsinformationservice,circulationandprocessing,logisticsconsulting,projectdesigning,packaging,,thepercentageoflogisticsenterprisesengagedindelivery,informationservice,consulting,%,%,%%in2012from45%,40%,%and12%in2008,respectively①.ServiceinnovatvationInrecentyears,anewtrendofspecializationandsegmentationinlogisticsservicecanbeseen,boostingtherapiddevelopmentinthenewsubindustriessuchashazardouscargoes,liquidchemicalproducts,energy,motorvehicles,’,thebusinessvolumeofChina’sexpressdeliveryhasmaintainedthegrowthashighas50%,elogisticsindustryOntheonehand,privatelogisticsenterpriseswithmodernmanagementstructureandinnovativeability,suchasShunfengExpress,DebangLogistics,XinningLogisticsandFeimaInternational,arebecomingtheleadingenterprisesinthelog,,,transportationhubsandaroundmanufacturingclusters,,suchlogisticsfunctionalplatformsasZhejiangTransfar,GuangdongLin’anLogisticsGroupandShanghaiExchangeforOverlandCargoTransportationalsostarttoemerge,throughwhichmediumandsmalllogisticsenterprisesservecustomersandexpandtheirmarket.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以WuJinglianDeflationinfa,thechan:,althoughtheamountofmoneysupplyisincreasing,thevelocityofmoneycirculation,nodoubt,isdrasticallydeclininginviewofth,itseemsunconvincingtosayth,weshouldnotonlypulltheeconomicgrowthbytakingthe"Keynesianist"measurestoincreasedemand,butshouldalsotapthepotentialofthesupplyside(enterprises)byadoptingthe"supply-sidepolicies".Inthisway,wecanbuildavirtuouscirclecharacterizedbysupplyexpansionanddem"supply-sideeconomists"constitutedaschoolofeconomiststhatemergedinthe1970sinWesterncountries,,the"Keynesian"demandpolicythathadbeenadoptedbythesecountriessincetheendofWorldWarIIwasnotworking,resultinginaphenomenonof"stagflation"didnotdependonwhetherdemandwassufficientasarguedby"Keynesianism".Instead,itdependedonwhetherthe"supply-side"(enterprises),themaingovernmentmeasuretopromoteeconomicdevelopmentshouldnotbetheadoptionofthefinancialandmonetarymeanstoincreasedemand;rather,itshouldbe"tiltingtowardthesupply-side"sothattheente,RonaldReaganadoptedaseriesofsupply-sidepoliciestoincreasethedynamismofAm,openingcompetition,,the"supply-sidepolicies"failedtoyieldgoodresultsincuttingdeficits,theydidbringaboutr,theeffortsmadebytheChinesegovernmentinmid-1998touseexpansionaryfinancialpoliciestopulleconomicgrowthbeganyieldingcertainresultsafterSeptemberthatyear,,them,thedependenceonthegovernmenttobeardebtsisalreadyvery,thegrowthofthenationaleconomycannotbebasedfortoolongo,itisunrealistictocontinuetotakemassivegover,itisalsoar,governmentinvestmentislikelytoproduceacertain"squeeze-outeffect",diturewillcontaintheenthusiasmofthenon-governmentalsectortoexpand,,toreversethecurrentdeflation,weneedtocontinuetoadoptexpansionaryfinancia,weshouldpaygreaterattentiontotheimplementationofthe"tiltingtosupply-sidepolicies"anddoeverythingpossibletomobilizetheenthusiasmofenterprisesandentrepreneurssothatthedynamicandgrowingenterprisescanbecomethe"engine"keoftheoldsystemsandthe"leftist"lementstoactivatethevitalityofthe"supply-side"terimplemented,theeconomyisgrowing,,Thequestionnowishowtofurtherimplementtheprinciplesofthe15"PartyCongressandbuildupnewgrowthpointsonthesupplysidebymorefirmlyrelyingonthestrengthofthemarket,,1believeworkinthefollowingareasisofutmosturgency:,inkeepingwiththeprinciplessetbythe15thPartyCongress,toadjustthelayoutofthenationaleconomy,improvetheownershipstructureofthenationaleconomy,explicitlydeclareandearnestlysupportalltheenterprisesthatmeetthe"threeconducive"requirements,andstriv,smallstate-ownedenterprisesshouldbetransformedintotrueenterprisesinkeepingwiththeprincipleof"freeingthesmall".Effortsshouldalsobemadetodoawaywiththeideologicalprejudiceanddiscriminatorypoliciesagainstthenon-state-ownedenterprises,toimprovetheiroperatingenvironmentandtoletthesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesdev"plaque-changecompanies"amongthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisessothattheycanbecomemodernenterprisesthatmeettherequirementsspecifiedintheCompanyLawofthePeople,powersandresponsibilitiesbeclearlydefined,theircorporatemanagementbeseparatedfromgovernmentfunctions,eorganizedsoasto,thecapitalmarketisfloodedwith"junkstocks",speculationisoutofcontrol,illegalactivitiesarerampant,pricesdrasticallyfluctuateandthesofruleoflawandbecomeanfavorableinvestmentgroundwithinformationtransparencyandclearly-definedrulesofthegame.…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、F1娱乐官网手机app用户至上澳门皇冠hgPT水牛闪电Urbanizationistheonlywayleadingtomodernizationandalongwith,urbanizationwillgothroughanaturaldevelopmentcourseandasophisticatedsocialdevelopmentcourse,involvingpopulationmigration,economicprogress,socialchanges,,ChinaorUrbanizationTransformationThefirstandforemostissueforthetransformation,which,however,featureshighresourceconsumption,,wemustabolishtheolddevelopmentpatternassoonaspossibleandturntotechnoloscities,especiallylargeandmedium-sizedones,boastalargernumberofinnovationtalents,institutionsandotherinnovationresourcesandhavethemostfatoleratingfailureanditcouldeffectivelycapitalizeonthegovernmentsroleinformulatingscientificandtechnologicalplans,supportingbasicresearchandgenerictechnologyresearchandestablishinginnovationplatforms,whilebringinginteatureofChina,weshouldchangeourconceptinurbanplanning,andgraduallyturntheurbanexpandingplanningtourbaulations,andsubstantiallyaddressthedivorcingofurbanconstructionfromurbanplanning,cityplanningvariedastheleadershipchanges,eandMajorDifficultyforUrbanizationTransformationUrbansocialde,urbanizationandmodernizationandrapidsocialandculturaltransition,theextensivepopulationflowingbetweenurbanan,alargenumberofruralsurpluslaborersswarmsintocities,bringingbothrichlaborresourcesforurba,theadjustmentoftheeconomicstructureinthecourseofurbanization,especiallythetime-consuminggovernanceofexcessproductioncapacityandtheeliminationofexcessproductioncapacity,haveresultedinalargenumberofdismissedpeopleandimposedgreatunemploymentpressureonurbansociety,,n,,astheoldconceptsandmethodsofurbansocialgovernancearebecominglessinfluential,newgovernanceconcepts,,w,weshouldenhancethefairnessandinclusivenessofcities,graduallynarrowdowntheurban-ruralincomegap,andeliminateactualdifferencesineconomic,political,culturalands,equalaccesstodevelopmentopevitalityofsocialorganizationsandcreatingaharm"constructivedamage"tourbanculture,orsevere"urbanculturaldiseases",whichisinessencethelossof"folkculture"or"nationalculture",importanceshouldbeattachedtotheculturalspiritandculturalfunctionofthecityandweshouldregardthecityasacarrierofcivilization,historyandpeople,theculturalconnotationofurbanpla,substantialeffortsshouldbemadetointensifyprotectionofhistoricationTransformationMajorproblemsinurbanmanagementincludetheinadequatelawsandregulations,inappropriateinstitutionallayout,,worsenedpollution,concentrationofpoorpopulation,look,wemustacceleratethetransformationofurbanmanagementpatternandestablishanewpatternfeaturingintensivenessandhighefficiencyratherthanextensivenessandlowefficiency,,ntocoordinateurbanizationindifferentregions,sparticipationandbuildasmartcityoutlookthroughwideapplicationofmoderninformationtechnology.Note::Authorssion,,housingconditionsforurbanresidentswillbeconsiderablyimproved,,andpercapitahousingflooragewillexceed34squaremeters(%andaresidenturbanpopulationof920million).Meanwhile,therewillbeabout340millionhousingunits,,,rofworking-agepopulationinChina,itspossibletocalculatethedistributionofhousingdemandalongthetimelineinthenextdecade,,,,easunderconstructioninthepastyears,,thepeakofnewhousingstartsisexpectedtoarrivebefore2015,whereastha,overallgrowthrateofhousinginvestmentwillbenotablyslowerthanbefore(Table1).Inthelasttwoyearsofthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,theactualgrowthrateofurbanhousinginvestmentcalculatedbasedonconstructionareawilllikelyfallbelow10%,whileduringthe13thFive-YearPlanperiodandafter2020,theactualgrowthrateisverylikelytobelowerthan5%.,thenationalsupplyofurbanhousinghasmaintainedarapidgrowthrateingeneral,andthefloorspaceofcommercialhousingforsalehasrisensignificantly,butthereisstillanobvioussupply-,%,forinstance,afterthesharpreboundofhousingsalesin2012,thefloorspaceofsoldcommercialhousinggrewatarelativelysteadypacein2013,whilethefloorspaceofcommercialhousingfo,thehousingpricecurveinfirst-tiercitiesand,housingpriceinlargefirst-tiercitieshasmaintai,Shanghai,GuangzhouandShenzhen,forexample,%,%,%%respectively(basedon100-citypriceindex).Ontheotherhand,month-on-monthgrowthrateofhousingpriceinsecond-tiercitieshasremainedrelativelystable,,themonth-on-monthcurveofhousingpriceindiffer:(1)percapitahousingfloorageinthispaperissmallerthanthenumberpublishedbytheNationalBureauofStatistics(NBS)(forspecificreason,pleaserefertothe"MediumandLong-termGrowth"researchgroupoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,2013);(2)eaofhouseswithlimitedpropertyrightsisincorporated,thecurrent%NationalPopulationSampleSurvey2005,throughannualdepreciation....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Aftertheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,,thewwgrowth;emergingeconomieswillbecomethenewengineofworldeconomicgrowth;developedcountrieswillstrivetorejuvenatemanufacturingindustrywhiledevelopingcountrieswillaccelerateforeigninvestment,bothofwhichwillbecometwonewmajordrivingforcestopromotethedivisionofglobalvaluechain;"innovativedevelopment"willattractgreatattention,emergingindustrieswillgathermomentumfordevelopment,andcompetitionforpossessingaleadingpositionintermsofindustrialandtechnologicaldevelopmentwillbecomefiercer;globalenergystructureandthesupply-demandpatternwillwitnessprofoundchanges;theeasymonetarypolicyadoptedbydevelopedcountriestorespondtothecrisiswillcauseworldwideliquiditysurplusandintensifyfinancialfluctuationandinflation;globaleconomicgovernancemechanismreformwillbefurtherpromoted;andregionalintegrationgesrelatedtothe,externalenvironmentforChina’sdevelopment,andconakeinnovationstothestrategyandmodeofopeningupsoastobuildupnewadvantageswhileavoidingdisadvantagesandgetbetterpreparedtoparticipateinglobalcompeti,theworldeconomyexperiencedanover-one-decadephaseofhighgrowthandprosperity,especiallytheperiodfrom2004to2007,%,upnea:first,technologicalrevolutionrepresentedbyinformationandcommunicationtechnologiesandInternet;second,dividendofeconomicglobalization;third,peacedividendbroughtbydisintegrationoftheformerSovietUnionandendoftheColdWar;fourth,systemdividendresult,astheEuropeansovereigndebtcrisisbrokeout,,theUnitedStates,EuropeandJapan,allplungedintodepression,overallgrowthofdevelopedeconomiesinthepasttwoyearswasonlyslightlyhigherthan1%,,%,%%-%,highdeficit,fthedifficulty,anditisnoeasyjobfortheirgovernments,enterprisesandhouseholdstorenovatebalancesheetsthrough"de-leverage"(illustratedasbelow).Thetotaldependencyratioofglobalpopulationwillstarttorisesince2015,whichwillexertanegativeinfluenceoversavingrateandinvestmentrate.、DVORByWuPingGuShuzhong,ResearchTeamon"PoliciesofComprehensivePreventionandTreatmentforSoilPollution",ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReport,,2013(Total4483)hernregionofChinaisexpo,suchasInnerMongoliaandareasalongtheGreatWall,LoessPlateau,GansuandXinjiangareaandnortheastregion,theagriculturalsdheavymetalinsoil,thesoilinsouthwesterncarbonaterockaollution,contaminatedareasabandonedbyindustrialcompanies,wasteyardsofdifferentkinds,,largeareasofarablelandsufferfromcombinationoforganicandinorganicpollutionsandtheiracceptabl,a,cadmiumisamajorone;andamongorganicpollutants,DDTconstitutesthelion,cadmium,selenium,lead,chrome,arsenic,nickel,antimonyandzincsoilpollutionaswellasseverecombinedpollution,,irrationalpilingofresissoilpollutionbeginstospreadfromindustrytoagriculture,fromurbantoruralareas,fromthesurfacetotheunderground,fromtheupstreamtothedownstream,relatedwithmanyfactorssuchasthechemicalcompositionofthesoilparentmaterial,soilqualityandconstitutesamajorreasonfortheover-standardcontentofheavymetalinsouthwestern,velopedindustryandminingindustryattributabletoemissionsofwastegas,wastewaterandwasteresidualsfromoresmelting,coalcombustionandotheractivitiesOutdoorpilingandderatmosphericfalloutandrainfallandcausepollutionafteryears,/hectareofcadmiumtothesoileachyearinChangzhutanareainHunanprovince,%ndnon-pointagriculturalpollutioncausedbyfoulwaterirrigationPesticidesarethemajororganicpollutan,DDTandotherpesticidesremaininginthesoilforalongtimecanconcent,ehavebeenusedeachyearinChina,damagingthesoilstructure,hardeningthesoil,leadingtofarmlands,,includingdomesticandindustrialsewagewhichisnottreatedorbelowthestandardfordischargeandcontainspoisonousandharmfulsubstanceslikeheavymetal,ectlydisposedtosoilcanradiateandfunneltosurroundingsoilundertheeffectsofsunbaking,soharmthesoilsdecaycapacity,changeitspropertya,radioactivesubstancesgeneratedfromuraniumandthoriummining,uraniumenrichment,disposalofnuclearwaste,nuclearexplosion,nuclearexperiment,thermanvironmentalproblemoftheglobalconcern,asitnotonlyaffectsthesoilqualityandproductivity,butalsoharmsfoodsafety,peopledsafetyTheuseofalargeamountofchemicalfertilizersandpesticidescandecreasethecontentoforganicsubstancesinthesoil,har,especiallyheavymetalpollutionandlastingorganicpollution,cancausefoodsafetyissuesthroughabsorptionbyagriculturalcrops,,shealthPollutantsinsoilcanaccumulateinplantsandconcentrate,heavymetalcanaccumulateinsomehumanorgansandcausecancer,deformityandmutation,,theheavymetalwasresponsibleformanyshockingenvironmentincidents,suchasthe"itai-itai"diseaseinToyama,Japancausedby"cadmiumrice"and"Minamatadisease",manypollutionincidentsbrokeoutsuchascadmiumrice,bloodlead,chromicslagandarsenicpoisoning,incidencerateofmalignanttumorsincreasedyearbyyear,and"weirddiseases"qualityandproductivity,butalsocausesthepollutionofsurfaceandundergroundwater,degradationoftheatmosphericenvironmentanddeteriorationoftheeco-systemaswellasmanyotherseconda,withouttakindindustrialconstructionprojectsnorbenchmarksforevaluatingrisksoflandforresidence,tsandstaffaredeficientinsomeplaces,andmonitoringstationsareinsufficientinm,sluggishcirculationofmonitoringdata,,thesamplingdensityofsoilinvestigationconductedbytheMinistryofLandandResourcesis1point/km2,samplesfromeach4km2arecombinedandanalyzed,’ssoilpollution,butcanhardlyspecifythedistributionofheavymetalpollutionandthuscannotclarifytheaccurateintensityofsoilpollutionineacharea.ByZhangJunkuo,HouYongzhiWangHuiThereformandopening-upisakeymovedeterminingthefutureofcontemporaryChina,andisalsoakeymovefortherealizationofthe"twocentenarygoals",namely,tocompletethebuildingofamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinallrespectsbythetimetheCPCcelebratesitscentenary(2021)andtoturnChinaintoamodernsocialistcountrythatisstrong,prosperous,democratic,culturallyadvancedandharmoniousbythetimethePeoplesRepublicofChinamarksitscentennial(2049)andthere,itneedstoincreasethesustainabilityofdevelopment,releasethepotentialfordevelopment,improveeconomicoperationefficiency,,mmittee,"Chinawillupholdthedirectionofreformtowardthesocialistmarketeconomy,putthepromotionofsocialfairness,justiceandimprovementofpeopleslivesasthestartingpointandultimategoal,furtheremancipatethemind,continuetoreleaseanddeveloptheproductiveforces,andreleaseandstrengthenvigorofthesociety".Thisguidelineonreformisfocusedonsolvingthefairnessandefficiencyissuethroughdeepeningreformaswellasonsolvingtheefficiencyandgrowthissue,andthe"startingpoint"andthe"ultimategoal",aseriesofimportantreformmeasuresconcerningtheaboveissueshavebeenpromulgated,whichhavepromotedtheimprovementofefficiencyandfairness,,itisstillnecessarytofollowtheoverallarrangementsofthecentralleadership,implementallreformmeasures,andlayanew,thecentralleadershiphasattachedimportancetothesystematicity,integrality,andcooperativityofthereform,,ovetolowerlevelsatotalof416itemsrequiringadministrativeexaminationandapproval,rescindedorexempted348administrativecharges,iscalandTaxationSystem,andwilladvancethereformofthebudgetarysystemandthetaxationsystem,andwillacceleratetheestablishmentofasysteminwhichthegovernmentsadministrativeaistrationsystem,expandedtheareasforthepilotprojectof"replacingbusinesstaxwithvalue-addedtax",comprehensivelyreleasedthecontroloncreditinterestrates,setuptheShanghaiPilotFreeTradeZone,exploredthemanagementmodelthatcombinespre-establishmentnationaltreatmentplusthenegativelist,andpushedforwardthereformoftherailwayinvestmentandfinancingsystem,thepricesforresourceproducts,andgovernmentspurchaseofservices,ntsystem,sresearchanddevelopmentspendingaccountedforover2%ofGDP,andhasspurredanumberofkeytechnologiestomakesignificantbreakthroughs,,swell-beingasthefundamentalaimandgoalofitswork,lreliefsystems,fosteredthedevelopmentoffairnessineducation,launchedtheprogramofaidingthepoorwitheducation,improvedthebasicmedicalinsurancesystemthatcoversthewholepopulation,raisedthesubsistenceallowances,carriedoutpilotprojectsofmedicalinsuranceformajordiseases,gseriousandmajoraccidents,establishedaunifiedsupervisoryandadministrativemechanismforfoodanddrug,on,abolishedtheeducation-through-laborsystem,formulatedandrevised47administrativelawsandregulations,lengesHowever,weshouldalsobeawareofthefactthattheoldfairnessandefficiencyissueisyettobesolved,,therearestillmanyfactorspreventingtheimprovementofeconomicquality,enhancementofefficiency,seconomyisexperiencingatransitionalperiodofgrowthandthroesofstructuraladjustments,withtheinternationaleconomicenvironmentbecomingincreasinglycomplicatedanduncertain,thefactorsandconditionssupportingthedevelopmentundergoingprofoundchanges,andtheconflictsofunbalanced,uncoordinated,vingthequalityandefficiencyofeconomicoperations,bupbetweenthegovernmentandthemarketinapropermannerintermsofconception,system,,thetransformationofgovernmentfunctionsisnotyetaccomplished;toomuchgovernmentinterventioninmicroeconomicactivitiesandthelackofsupervisionstandsidebyside;,thepowerandresponsibilitiesofthecentralandlocalgovernmentsarenotreasonablyallocated;thefiscal,taxation,andfinancialsystemsarenotcomplete;theevaluationprocessforofficialsisdeficient;andthegovernmenttfields,thesocietywillloseitsvigorininnovationandcreation,andbeunabletotransformandrestructureitself,whichwillseriouslyaffecteconomicefficiency,andeveninducehugeeconomicandsocialrisks,leadingthesocietyintotheso-called"medium-incometrap".Therefore,wemustresolutelybreakdowntheinstitutionalobstaclesthatrestrictthevitalityofmarketplayersandtheoptimizationandallocationoffactors,allowthemarkettotrulyplayadecisiveroleinresourceallocation,andmakethegovernmentplayabetterrole,soastorealizeefficient,high-quality,andsustainabledevelopment.Theproportionofresidents(studentsparentswithdifferenteducationlevels),%oftheresidentsrespondthatamonglivelihoodissues,children,%oftheresidentswithprimaryschooldegreeandbelowaredissatisfiedwitheducation;%oftherespondentswithjuniorhighschooldegree,%%withassociatedegree,,onlyafewresidentswithundergraduateandgraduatedegreesaredissatisfiedwitheducation(seethefigure).Withtheimplementationofthetuitionwaiverpolicyincompulsoryeducationforurbanandruralstudents,,thesurveyshows,duetoschoolselection,tutoringclassesandinterestclassesareverypopular,,theexpenditureinchildren/4offamiliesbelievethatthegreatestfinancialpressureliesintheexpensesfortheirchildren,%.In2012,14%ofthefamiliesspendmorethan10,,explicitchargeshaveobviouslydecreased,butunderthepressureofvariousselectionexaminations,therestillexistallsortsofimplicitchargeslikeschoolselectionand,theannualexpenditureincompulsoryeducationofalmost60%ofruralfamiliesislessthan1,%,%ofurbanfamiliesismorethan5000Yuan,%familiesspendover10000Yuan(Table2).Table2UrbanandRuralResidentsExpenditureinChildrensCompulsoryEducation。

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